“A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives.”    (Revised National Curriculum 2014)

At Woodchurch CE Primary School, learning about Geography is a fundamental way in which children explore the world around them and their place in it.  Through the four curriculum strands of locational knowledge, place knowledge, human and physical geography and geographical skills and fieldwork, children build up a knowledge base about where they live, where the U.K. and other countries are located in relation to the rest of the world and how landscapes have been formed and developed, both physically and through human settlement.  Children also learn geographical skills such as reading maps and atlases, using compass and grid references and developing fieldwork and observational skills.

In KS1, pupils are taught to:

Locational knowledge

  • name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans and name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

Human and physical geography

  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles
  • use basic geographical vocabulary

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as countries, continents and oceans
  • use simple compass directions
  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key
  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.


In KS2, pupils are taught to:

Locational knowledge

  • locate the world’s countries using maps
  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America

Human and physical geography

Describe and understand key aspects of:

  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle
  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied
  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies

Geography is taught as part of a cross-curricular scheme of study, and while some knowledge and skills are taught discretely, others are developed through subjects such as English, Maths, Art, D.T., Music and Science.  This allows the topic to be studied in greater and broader depth, as children can see links across many areas of the curriculum.


At Woodchurch CE Primary School, we aim to provide a range of tasks and activities that enhance the learning of Geography throughout the school, using practical resources and projects to promote and sustain learning in this subject.   In this way, we hope to develop a lifelong interest in the world around us that will stand our children in good stead for the future.


Useful website

Google Earth is a fascinating view of the planet.  Zoom in on different countries and look at the photos and displays to get a feel for different places.

A great site on maps and map reading from OrdnanceSurvey.

This website has ideas for geography projects that can be done at home.